Effect of gallium-arsenide laser, gallium-aluminum-arsenide laser and healing ointment on cutaneous wound healing in Wistar rats
Gonçalves, R.V.; Mezêncio, J.M.S.; Benevides, G.P.; Matta, S.L.P.; Neves, C.A.; Sarandy, M.M.; Vilela, E.F.
This study determined the effects of gallium-aluminum-emarsenide laser /em(GaAlAs), gallium-emarsenide laser /em(GaAs) and Dersanisup®/sup healing ointment on skin wounds in Wistar rats. The parameters analyzed were: type I and III collagen fiber concentrations as well as the rate of wound closure. Five wounds, 12 mm in diameter, were made on the animals’ backs. The depth of the surgical incision was controlled by removing the epithelial tissue until the dorsal muscular fascia was exposed. The animals were anesthetized with ketamine and xylazine via intraperitoneal injection. The rats were randomly divided into five groups of 6 animals each, according to the treatment received. Group 1 (L4): GaAs laser (4 J/cmsup2/sup); group 2 (L30): GaAlAs laser (30 J/cmsup2/sup); group 3 (L60): GaAlAs laser (60 J/cmsup2/sup); group 4 (D): Dersanisup® /supointment; group 5 (control): 0.9% saline. The applications were made daily over a period of 20 days. Tissue fragments were stained with picrosirius to distinguish type I collagen from type III collagen. The collagen fibers were photo-documented and analyzed using the Quantum software based on the primary color spectrum (red, yellow and blue). Significant results for wound closing rate were obtained for group 1 (L4), 7.37 mm/day. The highest concentration of type III collagen fibers was observed in group 2 (L30; 37.80 ± 7.10%), which differed from control (29.86 ± 5.15%) on the 20th day of treatment. The type I collagen fibers of group 1 (L4; 2.67 ± 2.23%) and group 2 (L30; 2.87 ± 2.40%) differed significantly from control (1.77 ± 2.97%) on the 20th day of the experiment.
Keywords: Cicatrization; Laser; Healing ointment; Collagen I and III; Cutaneous wound.